It's no secret that children can be a handful. But when their behavior goes from mischievous to worrisome, it might be time to consider whether there is more going on than just childish antics. Understanding mental health basics for children is crucial for parents in order to identify potential warning signs, causes, and treatment options. Keep reading to learn more about how you can support your child's mental health.

Defining mental health and discussing the various types of disorders

Mental health is an important part of overall wellness and comprises various aspects of a person’s life, including psychological, social, spiritual, and emotional functioning. It is the foundation for how individuals think, feel, act, and interact with the world around them. Mental health disorders can affect people in many different ways; some common disorders include anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, bipolar disorder, eating disorders, substance use disorders, and more. Each has its own set of associated signs and symptoms that can have devastating effects on people’s lives if left untreated. While seeking professional help is the best way to support good mental health, there are many self-care practices that can also be helpful such as exercise, yoga or meditation, healthy eating habits and connecting with nature. Even small moments of mindfulness or introspection can make an enormous difference in building resilience.

Recognizing warning signs in children that may indicate a mental health disorder

Identifying and addressing mental health disorders in children can be a daunting task, but can be incredibly important for ensuring that a child grows up with the best possible outcomes. As parents, caregivers, and educators, it is important to pay attention to certain warning signs in children that may signify an underlying mental health disorder, such as aggressive behavior, withdrawal from activities they once loved, sleep or appetite changes that last longer than two weeks, significant decreases in academic performance, excessive worry or fear, feelings of stress or sadness stronger than appropriate for the situation. When any of these are noticed in a child we love and care for, reaching out and conversing with their doctors or local mental health providers on how best to address the situation can be invaluable. Catching potential mental health issues in children early can make all the difference in helping them move through life feeling supported and becoming capable of managing them successfully. Mental health is an essential component of a child’s physical, social, and emotional growth; if left unaddressed, mental health issues can hinder a child’s ability to learn and interact with others. Early detection and intervention can prevent serious and potentially long-term consequences such as depression, anxiety, or behavioral problems.

The causes of mental health disorders in children

Mental health disorders in children can be caused by various factors, including genetics, brain chemistry, and environment. We often think about the psychological and sociological factors that may contribute to a child's mental health issues, but research indicates that other aspects such as their inherited genetic makeup or physical changes in their brain play an important role as well. Research suggests that there is a strong correlation between external stressors and physiological responses leading to mental illness. Genes also influence mental health outcomes in children; certain genetic markers are potential indicators of increased risk for certain mental health conditions. Finally, environmental elements such as unstable housing or family disruption can create undue stress that manifest themselves in the form of maladaptive behaviors and cognitive functions. Although everyone experiences different levels of susceptibility to these causes of mental health disorders, understanding the key contributors is essential to helping children address their concerns more proactively.

Treatment options for mental health disorders in children

Childhood mental health disorders can be incredibly challenging for everyone involved. However, there is no need to face them alone; the good news is that there are a variety of treatments available to help children find relief from the symptoms and live happy, fulfilling lives. These include therapy, using targeted psychosocial strategies such as cognitive-behavioral therapy to foster change in thinking and lifestyle, medication when appropriate to alleviate symptoms such as anxiety or depression, and lifestyle changes with strategies that focus on reducing stressors, improving sleep hygiene and social support, as well as increasing physical activity. Working together collaboratively with parents, professionals and the child themselves makes it possible to determine an approach tailored to the individual needs of each situation. With the right treatment plan in place, hope of recovery is possible even in complex cases.

Resources for parents who think their child may have a mental health disorder

Parenting can be challenging, and figuring out if your child may be struggling with a mental health disorder can be even more difficult. Fortunately, there are countless resources available to support you in navigating through the process. Whether it’s talking with medical professionals, joining an online support group, or consulting an experienced therapist, connecting with others is a great way to gain insight and provide emotional comfort. Additionally, many organizations offer helpful tips and classes that provide education on how to effectively respond when concerned about mental health concerns. The most important thing for any parent facing this situation is to take the time to educate themselves and reach out for help from trustworthy sources.


Mental health is important for people of all ages, but it's especially crucial for children. As parents, we need to be attuned to the warning signs that our kids may be struggling and get them the help they need. There are a variety of mental health disorders that can affect children, and each one has its own causes and treatments. But with professional help, most children with mental health disorders can improve greatly. If you're concerned about your child's mental health, don't hesitate to reach out for resources and support. And remember, you're not alone. Join YFN Academy today to learn more about health and fitness for kids.


Ferrari, Isabella. "Mental Health Disorders in Children: Recognizing Warning Signs and Causes." Wellness Source, 24 April 2021,